Bones Found and Human Bodies Created; But How?

BonesFor archaeologists and researchers alike, the thought of finding human remains or any kind of bones and other artifacts for that matter, is fascinating. They are able to get answers to questions that many researchers before them were unable to answer. Even though the world has gone digital, archaeologist stills uses old methods and discovers something new.

Dating back 430,000 years, researchers found bones that were able to be restructured into 17 skulls of early humanoids in the “Pit of the Bones” which is located in Madrid, Spain.

The history of the Pit of the Bones was first discovered in 1983 and the largest number of human remains that are ever recorded here. The age of the fossils are unknown, yet still being debated today and also what species of humans they represent.

Interestingly, the species called Neanderthal is the closet extinct species to our own and right next to that are the Homo sapiens that coexisted with humans thousands of years ago. To tell the difference between the two, Neanderthal skulls have human like features including a brain, jaws, and teeth.

The reconstructed skulls that were discovered, had the features in the face and teeth, but the brain could only accommodate a small skull. Further, it was not just the face that was restricted, but entire human bodies.

At the end of the study, the researchers were able to answer two of the questions, “who were these people? And when were they living on the landscape?”

Spanish Royalty Honors Queens College Student

Spanish Native Clara Vila-Castelar Conducts Alzheimer’s Disease Research

Spanish Native Clara Vila-Castelar Conducts Alzheimer’s Disease Research


Receiving a fellowship to pursue graduate studies is rewarding recognition for any student. Having the chance to receive the award from royalty is an unusual honor; it’s one that Queens College clinical psychology PhD student Clara Vila-Castelar will enjoy this summer when she returns to her native Spain.

During a ceremony in Madrid, King Juan Carlos I and Queen Sofia will present Vila-Castelar with a prestigious grant from the La Caixa Foundation, a leading private foundation in Spain that supports education and other social causes.

The graduate fellowship from the La Caixa Foundation-USA Program—awarded to only 48 students out of 800 applicants—will support Vila-Castelar as she pursues her studies in the field of aging and Alzheimer’s disease. Beginning in the fall of 2014, Vila-Castelar will receive two full years of paid tuition, as well as a monthly stipend to cover living expenses. She will also receive ongoing personal and professional support as a member of a distinctive international network that helps advance award recipients’ professional careers.

A native of Tarragona, a small city in northeast Spain, Vila-Castelar initially began her undergraduate studies at the University of Barcelona. She transferred to the University of Missouri in St. Louis on a golf scholarship, where she received a bachelor’s degree in psychology.

As a specialist in the field of neuropsychology, Vila-Castelar was eager to pursue her PhD work in the laboratory of Queens College psychology professor Nancy S. Foldi, PhD. As a noted researcher and director of the college’s Neuropsychology Laboratory of Aging and Dementia, Foldi has received funding from the Alzheimer’s Foundation. “Professor Foldi is doing very interesting research on attention in aging and Alzheimer’s disease,” says Vila-Castelar. “Unfortunately, there’s not a great treatment or cure at this point.”

The research has a personal resonance for Vila-Castelar, whose late grandmother suffered from Alzheimer’s. “That opened my eyes,” she says. Her pursuit of neuropsychology also appeals on an intellectual level. “I absolutely love the subject,” she declares.

Vila-Castelar, who currently lives within walking distance of the Queens College campus in Flushing, arrived at QC in the fall of 2012 when she began her PhD studies. Her current project with Professor Foldi investigates ways to measure efficacy of the drug Aricept, one of the treatments currently available for patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Besides conducting research, Vila-Castelar also teaches introductory statistics to Queens College undergraduates.

After receiving her PhD, Vila-Castelar may pursue her career the United States or in Spain. In the meantime, she is looking forward to the awards ceremony. “It’s very exciting,” she says.


Queens College of the City University of New York enjoys a national reputation for its liberal arts and sciences and pre-professional programs. With its graduate and undergraduate degrees, honors programs, and research and internship opportunities, the college helps its over 20,000 students realize their potential in countless ways, assisted by an accessible, award-winning faculty.

Located on a beautiful, 80-acre campus in Flushing, the college was cited this year in the Princeton Review as one of the nation’s 150 “Best Value” colleges, thanks to its outstanding academics, generous financial aid packages, and relatively low costs. In 2013, Washington Monthly ranked QC #1 among “Master’s Universities” as a Best-Bang-for-the-Buck college and #2 nationwide among only 349 colleges that do the best job of helping non-wealthy students attain marketable degrees at affordable prices.

Ex Miss Honduras Arrestada Bajo el Cargo de Lavado de Dinero

Por: Chelsey Vergara

Bélgica Suárez, Miss Honduras 2009, fue arrestada recientemente cuando trato de entrar a Honduras cargando 47 mil dólares en efectivo que no declaro. La ex reina de belleza regreso a su país procedente de Nicaragua. Alex Madrid – el portavoz del Departamento de Servicios Especiales de la policía – dijo que Suárez fue arrestada en la carretera entre Tegucigalpa, Honduras y la frontera con Nicaragua, durante un operativo. “La joven portaba billetes de diferentes denominaciones de Europa, entre euros y libras esterlinas”, agregó el subcomisario. También aseguro que “[Suárez] alegó que el dinero lo obtuvo en su trabajo como modelo en Europa”. La ley de Honduras dice constituye que todas personas que ingrese al país con una suma de dinero mayor de 10 mil dólares tiene que declararlo ante las autoridades justos. Bélgica Suárez fue enviada a la fiscalía Hondureña bajo cargos de lavado de dinero.